Shandong Gaoqing Chenzhuang site of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the national project for its diversion, experts: Jiang Taigong is a real person

As we all know, the Zhou Dynasty was the third slave dynasty in Chinese history after the Shang Dynasty. King Ji Fa of The Zhou Dynasty destroyed the Shang Dynasty, established the Zhou Dynasty, and made Haojing its capital.According to the historical event of king Ping moving east, it was called “Western Zhou” before moving the capital, and “Eastern Zhou” after moving the capital. The whole Zhou dynasty had 38 emperors and reigned for a total of 790 years.In order to maintain the rule of the Zhou Dynasty, the feudal system was implemented after the establishment of the Western Zhou Dynasty. According to incomplete statistics, there were hundreds of vassal states in the early western Zhou Dynasty.In the Western Zhou Dynasty, there were some powerful states such as Jin, Yan, Qi, Chu and Wei. Jiang Ziya was assigned to the king of Qi for assisting King Wu of Zhou in destroying The Shang. He established the state of Qi and made yingqiu (now Linzi city, Shandong Province) the capital of qi.Duke Huan of Qi became the head of the five lords of the Spring and Autumn Period by “respecting the king and rejecting the barbarities”.Today I would like to tell you about the site of The Western Zhou Dynasty in Chenzhuang, Gaoqing, Shandong province. The national Project changed its route, which proved that Jiang Taigong was a real person in history.Gaoqing Chenzhuang Ruins, located in the southeast of Chenzhuang Village, Huagou Town, Gaoqing County, Zibo City, Shandong Province, the ruins are 200 meters long from north to south, about 190 meters wide from east to west, covering an area of nearly 40,000 square meters.During the construction of shandong section of the eastern route of the South-to-North Water Diversion project, a large tomb of the Western Zhou Dynasty was accidentally discovered during the exploration process. Shandong Archaeological Institute immediately sent an archaeological team after receiving the news.At present, the excavation covers an area of 6,500 square meters. A city site of the Western Zhou Dynasty has been discovered, and nearly 1,000 ash pits and cellars have been cleared. In addition, ruins of rammed earth foundations, houses, roads, pottery kilns, Wells and tombs have also been found.A large number of bronze ware, jade ware, pottery, stone tools, bone ware, mussel ware and other relics were unearthed.The important harvest of this excavation is the discovery of rammed earth platform. After exploration, the platform is round, with a diameter of about 5 meters, residual height of less than 1 meter and an area of about 20 square meters.According to the shape and position of the base, experts inferred that the base was related to sacrifice, and a number of sacrificial horse pits were also found in the center of the base.Among the excavated tombs, there are two large tomb with tomb ramp “A” shape, which are numbered M35 and M36 respectively. The two large tombs have the same direction and basically the same structure, indicating that the identity of the tomb owner was noble.There are five horse pits and one cart pit between two “A” shaped tombs and rammed earth base. There are eight horses buried in the two pits. The skeletons are arranged in two rows in the north and south, with four horses in each row.From the excavation of the unearthed situation, the pit built three carriages, the car is serious, leaving only ashes.Among them, the southern two vehicles were all driven by four horses, and according to the funeral rites of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the emperor drove six, vassal drove four, doctor three, scholar two, common people one, it can be inferred that the tomb owner was at least vassal king level.After the excavation and exploration, the city site is similar to square, with incomplete walls and moats. The city site dates from the early and middle period of the Western Zhou Dynasty, which is the first city site of the Western Zhou Dynasty discovered in the northern Shandong province.In addition, nine tombs of the Western Zhou Dynasty were excavated from the site, most of which were made into one coffin and one coffin. Tomb M27 is the largest one among them.The tomb M27 is 6 meters long, 3.7 meters wide and 8.2 meters deep.Coffins are relatively well preserved, with copper tripods, vessels, vessels, vessels, vessels, vessels, vessels, vessels, vessels, 盉, vessels, pottery vessels, POTS, and a few jade vessels and ornaments.However, most of the bronze vessels unearthed in Tomb M18 are fragments. Among them, there are inscriptions on copper triding, 卣, GUI, ong and Yan with contents such as “Write about Ancestor jia, Qi gong and Yan”.The inscription “Duke of Qi” is the first to be discovered in Shandong province, which is of great historical value to the study of the early history of Qi.There is also a remnant of the Zhou Dynasty inscriptions on the site, which is the first time that the Western Zhou Dynasty inscriptions on the site have been found in Shandong.More than 100 cultural relics of high value were unearthed from the tomb, and the discovery of the inscription “Feng Bang Composition Zujia Qi Gong Zun Yi” proves that yingqiu and Jiang Taigong, the early capital of Qi, may really exist.The discovery of the sacrificial platform is the first discovery in The archaeology of The Zhou Dynasty in Shandong Province, and it is very rare in the whole country, which also provides valuable information for archaeological experts to study the sacrificial rites of the Zhou Dynasty.Experts say the sacrificial pedestal may be the earliest ruins of the Temple of Heaven in China, which is of great historical value in studying the ideology of ancient Chinese people, namely the idea of unity between heaven and man.The excavation of Chenzhuang site has filled the blank of Zhou Dynasty archaeology in Shandong province, and is of great significance to the study of Qi culture in the early Western Zhou Dynasty.In order to protect the site and promote the Qi culture, the eastern section of the south-to-North Water Diversion Project was diverted, and museums and ruins parks were built on the site.

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