I, Dr. 985, gave up building cars to farm.


What happens when a tomato hits an AI?Article | kowalski b r. correction knitting | Shi Can perhaps in each person’s youth, there is a problem always come out from time to time, be a what kind of person you want?In 2014, 24-year-old Zhu qingzhen figured it out: He decided to leave vehicle engineering and work in agricultural technology.In 2013, after graduating from vehicle engineering, he joined a research institute for a tractor manufacturing company.In this job, Zhu Qingzhen first came into contact with the research and development of tractors and agricultural machinery and tools, and also learned about the status quo of backward development of agricultural equipment in China.Growing up in the countryside and accustomed to traditional farming, he suddenly realized: can agriculture still do this?A sense of responsibility arose.”Although I walked out of the small village where I was born and raised, I wanted to change the backward way of agricultural production in my hometown.”Zhu Qingzhen said.In 2014, Zhu Qingzhen, who decided to take agriculture as his career, obtained a doctor’s degree from Northwest A&F University and began to engage in precision agriculture-related scientific research.Now eight years have passed, Zhu Qingzhen has started teaching from an agricultural research novice, and he is currently engaged in teaching and scientific research related to agricultural engineering in Jiangsu University.Time passes and status changes, but since Zhu Qingzhen embarked on the road of agriculture, a core puzzle in his mind has not changed — how to use cutting-edge technology to empower traditional agricultural industry.Therefore, when he saw the “Duo Duo Agricultural Research Science and Technology Competition” held by Pinduoduo, he was immediately excited, because this is exactly the field he wants to explore and further explore.In August 2021, the second “Duo Duo Agricultural Research Science and Technology Competition” was officially launched. Relying on the cooperation and association of scientific research projects in Beijing, Zhu Qingzhen established a team named “Nongsheng Brain Horti-AI” (hereinafter referred to as “Nongsheng Brain Team”) and signed up for the competition.The team is now competing as one of the four finalists in Kunming, Yunnan province.Is located in kunming, yunnan “many NongYan competition of science and technology” event base | moss was taken under the blue sky white clouds, red is about to drip of tomato is indulge in the greenhouse to grow, they are witnessing a story, a group of young people how to make the agriculture also have one.The story is not just about the tomatoes in the greenhouses of Kunming, but about the rise and fall of an industry and the daily lives of all Chinese.As a matter of fact, Zhu Qingzhen began to pay attention to the first “More agricultural research science and Technology Competition” when it was held.In 2020, PINDUoduo held the first Agricultural Research Competition, in which the world’s top young digital agricultural research teams participated.But unfortunately, the first contest of the proposition is to use artificial intelligence technology for strawberry planting, Zhu Qingzhen team and no strawberry planting related experts, but had to give up.The topic of the second “Duoduo Agricultural Research Science and Technology Competition” is “to use diversified artificial intelligence-related technologies to challenge the cultivation of high-quality and high-yield tomatoes in a green and sustainable way, and verify the commercial feasibility”, which matches the advantages of Zhuqingzhen team with abundant tomato cultivation.Therefore, Zhu Qingzhen called an emergency project team meeting and formed a team to participate in the competition.The nongsheng Brain Team has a total of nine members, including three doctors and six masters.Both of them have rich experience in agricultural science and technology. Dr. Zhu Qingzhen and Dr. Xu Dan are mainly engaged in the development of optimal control system and have long been committed to the construction of intelligent greenhouse.Dr. Kong jianlei is mainly engaged in agricultural environmental information monitoring, modeling and simulation of artificial intelligence complex system, etc.Xiao Lijuan has been engaged in tomato planting and demonstration work for a long time. She is familiar with tomato cultivation technology in facility environment and mainstream greenhouse control platform such as multi-building greenhouse.Niu Manli is mainly engaged in agricultural Internet of Things, agricultural modeling and information processing…”Farmers st brain team members” structure (incomplete list) | figure source event Fang Zhu qing said, tomato wisdom planting is a complicated system engineering, involving many disciplines crossed, so the team not only needs to include planting management experts, and need to artificial intelligence technology, intelligent greenhouse control system development related personnel.The final team structure conforms to the expected ability combination: according to expertise and division of labor, nongsheng Brain Team is divided into three groups, including control system group, artificial intelligence group and tomato planting group, led by Zhu Qingzhen, Kong Jianlei and Xiao Lijuan respectively.Zhu learned from Zhao Chunjiang, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and an expert on agricultural informatization.In order to cultivate more talents in agricultural engineering, he decided to leave his tutor temporarily to teach in Jiangsu University after graduation.In addition to lecturing intelligent Technology of Agricultural Equipment and Precision Agriculture in Jiangsu University, Zhu qingzhen has also undertaken a number of national scientific research projects.Dr’s office ZhuQingZhen | figure source “jiangsu college of agricultural engineering” official public, artificial intelligence group leader Kong Jianlei in 2016 graduated from Beijing forestry university institute of technology doctoral.In combination with the academic advantages and personal interests of the school, Kong Jianlei’s doctoral thesis was selected as “Research on data Processing and Classification methods of artificial Forest Environmental Harvesting target” — a frontier topic at the intersection of traditional agriculture and modern artificial intelligence technology, which seemed to foreshadow his participation in the second “Duo Duo Agricultural Research Science and Technology Competition” a few years later.Strawberry planting group leader Xiao Lijuan’s own job is an agricultural company fruit and vegetable production base in charge.During the first Spring Festival of the COVID-19 outbreak, she took the initiative to undertake most of the production and planting management tasks at the base.Xiao Lijuan arrived at the fruit and vegetable production site at dawn to inspect 82 greenhouses once a day, and returned home after putting the last insulation quilt every day. Her 3-year-old son asked her: “Mom, why do other children have their mothers to spend the Spring Festival with them, but my mother is always so busy?”Li-juan xiao is measuring temperature for production staff | figure source “tianjin farm bohai agriculture group co., LTD.” is such a team official public, due to their common arms enthusiasm of agricultural science and technology together.Affected by the epidemic, all members of the “Nongsheng Brain Team” regularly hold online video conferences every Friday night and form relevant meeting minutes. In addition, each group has set up a wechat group to communicate with each other in case of problems and solve various emergent problems.Steady and steady, with full cooperation, “Nongsheng Brain team” successfully through the selection and preliminary competition, successfully entered the final.In addition to the provisions of crop varieties have changed, compared with the first agricultural research competition, the second agricultural research competition has a key change — from seeking “more”, to seeking both “more”, but also “good”.In the first competition, young scientists used AI technologies such as crop growth models and convolution algorithms to boost yields.In the second competition, participants will use sensors, spectra and algorithmic models to explore growing crops with higher yields and higher quality.The competition provides an independent greenhouse and corresponding environmental control application interface for the 4 teams entering the final. The team can remotely adjust the environmental factors such as water and fertilizer, light, carbon dioxide in the greenhouse to achieve unmanned planting. The final results will be measured by the expert team and the third party laboratory, and the winning team will be selected.The total prize pool of this competition is over 1 million RMB, which will be used to support the winning team.In order to use ARTIFICIAL intelligence technology to achieve the goal of “more and better”, through discussion, the Nongsheng Brain team identified the solution:The knowledge spectrum technology was used to standardize growers’ experience, historical data and strawberry image recognition data, and to establish the standardized knowledge structure of tomato planting. Then, the intelligent decision-making method of tomato planting was established by combining tomato planting water and fertilizer model and greenhouse climate model.”Farmers SAN brain” integrated solutions | figure source event party to make the system can be linked together, the most efficient, “farmers saint brain team” needs to consolidate each link ability: use of experience knowledge map will grow better educated, use chart the way the link between the visual performance of tomato knowledge;Machine vision recognition provides the basis for accurate decision-making, that is, with the help of camera neural network monitoring, real-time monitoring of crop growth period, water requirements, fruits and flowers, so as to carry out accurate greenhouse control;Using the visual greenhouse cluster intelligent control cloud service system, real-time remote access to the greenhouse inside the air temperature and humidity, light intensity and video images, automatic control of related equipment, to achieve the concept of tomato planting trusteism, so as to ensure that the greenhouse environment is the most suitable for crop growth……”Farmers SAN brain” visualization of greenhouse intelligent control cluster cloud service system | figure source event party is ZhuQingZhen want to participate in the competition, in addition to outside the ability and interest in matching, he still have a wish:At present, universities and research institutions have a lot of resources, but there is no channel to commercialize them. He wants to use this competition to understand the feasibility of their technical solutions and see if they can help China’s agricultural development.The Report on the Development of Smart Agriculture in China jointly released by China Academy of Information and Communication Technology and Renmin University of China points out that an important constraint in the development of smart agriculture in China is the imperfection of the transformation mechanism of “industry-university-research institute”.The report pointed out that some smart agriculture research has been divorced from the needs of actual production, and has not fully considered the acceptability and practical needs of agricultural operators. The research results only remain in the laboratory, which has not completed the connection between theory and application, and lacks the due marketization.The Nongsheng Brain team is trying to get rid of this problem as much as possible – they are exploring the possibility of commercialising their solution, in addition to pursuing “high volume and high quality”.The business model designed by “Nongsheng Brain Team” mainly involves four economic stakeholders: component manufacturers, technology supporting institutions, technology transformation teams and target customer groups.To put it simply, the technology transformation team will complete the project to empower downstream customers by relying on the technical support of relevant institutions and the hardware support of upstream component manufacturers.Realizing an Ideal Until he graduated from college, Zhu never considered a career in agricultural technology research.Like many rural children, he was taught from an early age to study hard and get out of the small village where he had lived for generations, which was his motivation to study hard.But the child who is nurtured by the earth always has a certain affinity for the soil. This affinity always emerges at some point and gradually evolves into a sense of responsibility as he grows older, or an abiding passion for trying to change the status quo of backwardness.But not everyone understands the enthusiasm.Zhu said that when his family and friends knew he was working in a profession related to agriculture, they didn’t understand it at all.”They would say, ‘Xiao Zhu, after so many years of hard work and study, has finally left the countryside, why does he want to farm?'”Zhu Qingzhen said.In his opinion, agriculture is still a synonym for backwardness in many people’s minds, and some people even feel that there is no need to study agriculture, which is an absolute misunderstanding.According to the Report on the Development of Smart Agriculture in China, a major contribution of smart agriculture is to promote green agricultural production in a digital way.Zhu qingzhen said that During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China announced a number of key research and development science and technology projects to encourage and guide researchers to deal with the problem of excessive use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural production management, so as to reduce the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides and increase agricultural production efficiency.The problem of overuse of chemical fertilizers and pesticides is serious in China.The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs’ Action Plan for Zero Growth of Chemical Fertilizer Use by 2020 shows that The amount of chemical fertilizer applied to crops in China is on the high side, reaching 21.9 kg per mu, much higher than the world average of 8 kg per mu, 2.6 times that of the US and 2.5 times that of the EU.This not only wastes the means of production, but also causes a large amount of nitrogen oxide greenhouse gas emissions, which is not conducive to achieving the goal of “carbon neutrality”.In addition, the development of agricultural technology will also help alleviate the plight of aging rural labor force and further ensure national food security.According to a white paper titled “China’s Food Security” released by The State Council Information Office, in order to further ensure national food security, China needs to further improve its grain production capacity, enhance its agricultural science and technology innovation capacity, increase grain supply and improve grain quality by relying on scientific and technological means and the application of agricultural techniques.This matches the goal of “more and better” put forward by “Duo Duo Agricultural and Research Science and Technology Competition”.The first “Duo Duo Agricultural Research Science and Technology Competition” has fully verified the power of agricultural science and technology: the average strawberry yield of AI group is 196% higher than the average of traditional farmers group, and the average input-output ratio is 75.5% higher than that of traditional farmers group.Although these figures are the most powerful evidence of agricultural technology, the average farmer may struggle to understand the meaning behind them.Zhu admits that while he hopes to eliminate the prejudice against agricultural technology around him, it may take a long time.”I believe that one day everyone around us will be able to take it as a normal thing for young people to engage in agricultural technology.I also believe that one day China’s agricultural technology will lead the world.”Zhu Qingzhen said.There are many young people like Zhu Qingzhen who devote themselves to agricultural science and technology.According to the competition side, “Duo Duo agriculture and research science and technology competition” opened so far, 80 percent of the participants are post-90s.”I think it is very necessary for young people like us to engage in agriculture-related work, because agricultural technology and related work is an important guarantee for maintaining China’s food security and really solving the problem of our people having food and a good meal,” Zhu said.”Many NongYan technology competition” contestants | figure source event back to the beginning of the problem, maybe everyone will have a lost of time, we will continue to ask yourself: how to become a what kind of person.A generation of “new farmers” pierced through the confusion and gave their own answer — into agricultural science and technology.Zhu Qingzhen said that when he saw his hard development of intelligent control system was recognized by farmers friends, the real solution to the actual problems of farmers, he would feel a great sense of value.Kong Jianlei also said that no matter what anxiety problems you encounter, you need to continue to speak out your dream with confidence, not afraid of ridicule and failure, and challenge your dream with positive actions.In the face of these young people’s sincere wishes, “Duo Duo Agricultural Research science and Technology Competition” gave them a chance to test their achievements and show themselves.The continuous holding of the competition not only promotes the technology to take root, but also drives more young people to pay attention to and participate in it.Today, tomatoes are still growing in greenhouses in Yunnan.One day, when the team’s research results and seeds are sown across China, the farmers will laugh, and so will they.

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